The President will be elected by the senators, once the elections have been celebrated ,with a simple vote, which will result on the election of the President of the United States by the party with more seats. It is important to say he has to be himself a senator.
Each Political Party can place a candidate in each Congressional District or only one (like it happens in the case of Independent Candidates). Candidates must be declared in advance, this can be done through here:
In the following image it is possible to see the areas San Andreas is divided in. They are a total of 13 Congressional Districts , that are the following:
To register a candidate or candidates for election, a Party or Independent must submit their details to the Electoral Council by the published deadline. More details of this may be found at the previous provided link.
These must be paid to the Electoral Council for the Candidates submited to be considered.
Below general information about previous elections that is still in force can be found:
SAES:RPG Official Government Constitution
1st Version – 20/01/2015
2nd Amendment – 12/03/2015 (Current Version)
2.) Government Branches
There are three main branches of Government; Administrative, the Senate and Congress. These three branches work together to form the full government. The Administrative Branch is composed of the President, his Vice, Chief of Staff and his department secretaries. The Senate is formed of all of the senators who were voted in during the elections. Congress is a larger chamber composed of government employees who have joined the government through other means.
The Administrative Branch of government isn't a large branch, but it is a crucially important one. Composed of the President, Vice President, Chief of Staff and the six Department Secretaries, the Administrative Branch is responsible for co-ordinating the government and leading the country forwards.
The Senate is where the majority of government law-making is done. Bills are presented to the Senate by the Senate Speaker, a senator elected into the position.
There is a total of x seats in the Senate. These seats are held by the President, Vice President, Chief of Staff, all department secretaries, 10 other senators and 3 assistant senators. The President, Vice President and Chief of staff are all senators. The Department Secretaries are appointed by the President.
The Senate meets at intervals decided on by the incumbent government. All Bills that have been presented to the Speaker must be discussed, then voted on. All Senators have a single vote, a simple Yes or No. They may choose not to vote if they aren't decided. However, the President may only vote in exceptional circumstances. See below.
If a Bill is voted on, and the Senate is split, the President may cast his vote in order to swing the vote either way.
Congress is composed of all government employees who aren't members of the Senate or the Administrative Branch.
Congress can meet at chosen intervals to discuss the Government's activities. They can lobby senate to pass or block certain Bills, but otherwise they have no power over the larger changes the Government makes.
Congress' size is variable, but it is composed of any government employees recruited into Government by the upper branches.
3.) Electoral Council
The Electoral Council is a small group of SAES and CS members who oversee the Government and ensure that the constitution is observed at all times. They can intervene when the government either violates the constitution, or if they feel that the government are performing so poorly that it is the public interest that the government is dissolved.
The Electoral Council is currently composed of Kain, Delin and Soinus. Any government related concerns can be sent to them.
4.) Political Parties
Political Parties are groups of players who share similar political views. A Party must be registered in order to run in the elections. To register a party, visit http://saesrpg.net/topic/69495-creating-a-political-party/. The cost of registering a party is $1,000,000, paid back into the Federal Reserve.
The leader of a Political Party, in the event that the party wins the elections, becomes President. He/she can then appoint his Administrative staff; the Chief of Staff, Vice President and his Department Secretaries.
Political Parties may make up their own internal rank structures, but generally most Parties have a leader, vice leader and members.
Ingame, Political Parties fight to make their policies and beliefs known. They work with the community to gain support, and work with companies, squads and gangs to win as much support as possible. The real race begins during the Race to the White House, when Parties fight to secure a majority vote.
Political Parties may have as many members as they like, and can spend as much or as little as necessary. All Parties must have a HQ building, but this building can be a small house or a massive skyscraper.
5.) Independent Candidates
Independent Candidates are candidates that feel that they don't fit in with any Party. They can run themselves and fight for their own policies, but generally an independent candidate doesn't have as much leverage in the Senate compared to a Party. An Independent Candidate may run for election at a cost of $5,000.
7.) The Election Process
Presidential elections take place every four months.
The Race to the White House begins two weeks before the end of the incumbent President's term. Parties and Candidates may begin advertising themselves through events.
During an election the public may vote for their chosen candidate. It is important that the public votes for the congressional district in which they live.
The vote takes place at forums.
How the Elections Work
Elections work using a 'first past the post' system. This means that for a Party to win the elections, they must have an outright majority of 7 seats or more, out of the total 13.
If a single party doesn't achieve a majority, there are two choices. The party with the most seats may enter into a coalition with another party, or a minority government may be formed. If a minority government is elected, a re-election may be called two months into their term by the Electoral Council, if the government isn't performing as it should.
The Electoral Process
Parties can select their candidates they will field themselves. A list of a Party's chosen candidates must be submitted to the Electoral Council before the published deadline, or they forfeit their Party's participation in the elections.
If a party achieves:
7 or more seats, they win the elections and that party becomes the ruling party.
6 seats, they can form a Coalition or form a minority government.
5 or fewer seats, they lose the elections unless a coalition is formed with them.
Regardless of Party, if a senator wins his seat, he is guaranteed to sit in that seat. If a Party wins, but the President-elect doesn't win his seat, he must swap his seat with one of his successful senators.
After the Election
After a successful election, the Presidential Inauguration will take place. This grand event will see the swearing in of the new event, and the launch of the new Senate. There will be a party at the White House after all formalities have been completed.
A By-Election may be called if a senator retires or is ejected from government.
In a By-Election, parties must field their replacement candidate(s) in the available Congressional Districts no more than three days after the position is made available. A 48 hour election will take place to vote in the replacement senator.
In a By-Election, the incumbent government is forbidden from voting. This only applies to the Senate and the Administrative Branch. Congressional members may vote as normal.
A candidate must receive more than 50% of the vote to win. If there is a tie break, a 24 hour revote is called to select between the two. If this results in another tie break, the President may cast a vote.
8.) Government Dissatisfaction
If the public does not agree with how the government is governing, they may act in many ways, such as:
Protests – Peaceful or violent, protests can be used to deliver a powerful message to the government that enough isn't being done to please the public.
Petitions – A peaceful method of asking the government to do something. A petition may be made in the 'We the People' forum.
General dislike of the government – If the Electoral Council notices that the public has a majority dislike of the government, they may decide to hold a Vote of No Confidence. This is an extreme measure and may only occur if the government is severely disliked by the public.